Psychotherapy, Music Therapy,
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Music Therapy & Psychotherapy

Notes By Amy (NBA) offers individual and group music therapy and music psychotherapy sessions, as well as individual or couples psychotherapy sessions. The NBA team consists of credentialed music therapists, as well as Registered Psychotherapists (Qualifying) and Registered Psychotherapist and Credentialed Music Therapist, Dr. Amy Clements-Cortes. Sessions are provided in an individual's home, as well as in various facility settings. Please contact Amy to discuss your needs, goals, and Notes By Amy's rates.

What is Music Therapy?

Amy playing guitar with a child

According to the Canadian Association of Music Therapists (2016) “Music therapy is a discipline in which credentialed professionals (Music Therapist Accredited-MTA) use music purposefully within therapeutic relationships to support development, health, and well-being. Music therapists use music safely and ethically to address human needs within cognitive, communicative, emotional, musical, physical, social, and spiritual domains”.

Canadian Association of Music Therapists (June 2016). What is Music Therapy?
Retrieved from:

Examples of Music Therapy Goals


  • Improve & develop expressive and receptive language
  • Improve speech, articulation and verbal communication
  • Promote effective use of non-verbal communication


  • Promote reality orientation
  • Improve memory skills
  • Increase on-task behaviour, motivation and participation
  • Improve ability to follow directions
  • Promote ability to complete activities of daily living

Motor Functioning

  • Maintain/improve fine and gross motor functioning
  • Maintain/improve range of motion
  • Improve eye/hand coordination
  • Decrease pain perception

Emotional Expression & Spirituality

  • Increase verbal/non-verbal expression of feelings
  • Improve self-esteem
  • Decrease stress and anxiety
  • Facilitate the grieving process
  • Learn relaxation techniques
  • Facilitate exploration of spiritual concerns
  • Develop creativity and sense of identity
  • Facilitate reminiscence and life review

Social Skills

  • Improve social interaction with others
  • Improve appropriate eye contact
  • Improve ability to make choices and initiate responses
  • Decrease isolation
  • Promote independence

What is Psychotherapy?

According to the College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario (CRPO, 2019) “psychotherapy is primarily a talk-based therapy and is intended to help people improve and maintain their mental health and well-being. Registered Psychotherapists work with individuals, couples and families in individual and group settings. Psychotherapy occurs when the Registered Psychotherapist (RP) and client enter into a psychotherapeutic relationship where both work together to bring about positive change in the client’s thinking, feeling, behaviour and social functioning. Individuals usually seek psychotherapy when they have thoughts, feelings, moods and behaviours that are adversely affecting their day-to-day lives, relationships and the ability to enjoy life”.

What is Music Psychotherapy?

Music Psychotherapy involves the issues presented by the client being accessed, worked through and ultimately resolved using a variety of music experiences and verbal dialogue. Music experiences may involve listening to music as well as actively making music. Clients do not need music skills to benefit from this form of therapy.

Who Benefits from Psychotherapy?

  • Individuals experiencing anxiety, depression or those diagnosed with a mental health disorder
  • Individuals coping with a serious illness, struggling with work or relationship issues
  • Individuals with substance abuse issues, stress, or striving to quit smoking or lose weight
  • Individuals struggling with the death of a loved one
  • College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario (2019). What is Psychotherapy?

To Learn More About Music Therapy

For more information on Music Therapy, visit the following websites: